The study of environmental components is multidisciplinary in nature, since it includes all disciplines. The use of the term Environmental science may imply a single subject, but the essence of environmental science is its multi-disciplinary nature. The subject has evolved from integrated use of many disciplines such as science, humanities, commerce, and geography as follows
- Biological sciences – It forms an important component of environmental sciences as it is essential to acquire the knowledge of organisms living in it. The basic concepts of botany, zoology, microbiology, biotechnology are studied for studying the difference aspects of environment and their inter relationships.
- Physical sciences – It helps in understanding the changes which are involved with the abiotic system like the energy transfer and nutrients cycling, acid rain, ozone hole etc which require the knowledge of physical chemistry.
- Mathematics, statistics and computer sciences serve as an effective tool for environment modelling.
- Civil engineering, Chemical engineering and nanotechnology provide technical solution for environmental pollution control and water treatment.
- Sociology, economics and management help in dealing with socio-economic aspects of environment.
- Environment law provides legal measures for effective management and protection of environment.
- Mass communication helps in spreading environment awareness.
This many disciplines are involved with environmental science which contribute towards understanding the spectrum of interrelationships between the biotic and abiotic environments.