Determinants of Individual Behavior:
The study of individual behavior is important in the organisation management. It expresses the reasons why people behave differently in different situations. Individual behavior means some particular action or response by someone in a given situation. This behavior is influenced by many factors. Some of the factors are intrinsic and some factors are external. Some important factors that influence the individual behavior are discussed here.
Personality: Personality means personal traits that any individual possesses like aggressiveness, dominance or shyness etc any person shows in his behavior. Based on these traits employees job and task completing capacity is affected. It should be taken in account while deciding position for a person.
Ability: Ability refers to the skills and capabilities in one individual to do effectively its job. Company needs to ensure that an employee has basic skills to do the job. If a person does not possess skills required for the task his behavior in the workplace will be accordingly affected.
Perception: Perception means one’s viewpoint by which he interprets the things. It means what a person thinks about the situation or person in a given time. It is the practice of interpreting something that someone see or hear in mind and give a verdict on a situation, person, group, etc. For example a clerk in railways booking counter may behave nicely to the man with good dressing and he may ignore the other passenger who is not nicely dressed, even both want first class tickets.
Motivation: Motivation signifies forces that can cause a different behavior pattern in a person while doing activities in job. Motivation may be internal like skills and abilities or external like supervision training, incentives etc. Person’s motivation may be influenced by values and beliefs also.
Organisational factors: Individual behavior of a person is also affected by organisational factors. These factors are structure of organisation, hierarchy and facilities in the organisation. Working conditions and organisational culture also influence the behavior of individual.
Socio-cultural factor: The social interaction of a person in the life may affect the behavior of person at work. It includes his relationship with friends, coworkers, supervisor and relatives. The behavior of other person with employee also part of social environment. Also cultural values of a person shape the behavior of the individual.
Biological Factors: Biological factors like age, gender, marital status, experience of a person make a person behave differently. Person of different age or gender may have different behavior reaction during a situation. It may affect the innovations ability decision making capacities of the person. Male or female can have different opinions and response. Likewise marital status and experience also changes the behavior pattern of people.