Difference between Process Layout and Product Layout

Difference between Process Layout and Product Layout

Functional or Process Layout:

  • In this type of layout, similar kind of machines are arranged at one place to perform the operation.
  • Less capital investment is required.
  • Skilled workers are required.
  • Quality of manufactured product is better.
  • This type of arrangement is preferred for job order production.
  • Better machine utilization is there in process layout.
  • This layout is suitable for moderate production with more job variety.
  • Work flow is not smooth and job movement is comparatively more.
  • Automation in material handling won’t be much effective in this layout.
  • Comparatively more inventory is required in this layout.
  • Breakdown of one machine does not affect so much in this type of layout.
  • More work flexibility in process layout.
  • Comparatively more space is required for same amount of production.
  • More time is required to complete the product.
  • Less monotony in working as jobs are non-repetitive in nature in this layout.
  • Product, planning and control is comparatively difficult.

Line or Product Layout:

  • In product layout, similar kind of machines are arranged according to sequence of operations to manufacture a product.
  • More capital investment is required in product layout.
  • Comparatively less skilled workers are required.
  • Quality of manufactured product is not so good.
  • This type of arrangement is preferred for mass production or assembly work.
  • Poor machine utilization is there in this type of layout.
  • This layout is suitable for mass production with less variety of jobs.
  • Work flow is smooth and job movement is comparatively less.
  • Automation in material handling will be much effective in this layout.
  • Comparatively less inventory is required in this layout.
  • Breakdown of one machine affect greatly in this type of layout.
  • Very less work flexibility in product layout as compared to process layout.
  • Comparatively less space is required for same amount of production.
  • Less time is required to complete the product.
  • More monotony in working as jobs are repetitive in nature in this layout.
  • Product, planning and control is comparatively easy.