Disciplines Contributing to Organization Behavior:
Organizational behavior (OB) is the study of human behavior in organization. Organization is affected by people and is influenced by the people so it is important to understand human being individually and as group at organization. Stephen P Robins defines ‘OB is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within an organization, and then applies that knowledge for organizational betterment.’ There are some essential disciplines in the organizational behavior field which developed it widely. Due to increasing organizational complexity, various types of facts are required to understand that can help in many ways.
Psychology is a science of individual behavior. Psychology has possibly the primary influence on the field of organizational behavior because it is a science of behavior. A psychologist studies almost all aspects of behavior. Psychology deals with study of human behavior and sometimes explains change the behavior of humans
Contributors of knowledge of OB are mainly personality researchers, counseling psychologists, and industrial and organizational psychologists.
Understanding principles of psychology helps a lot in gaining the knowledge of factors related to behavior. The learning determinants of individual behavior are attitude, perception, morale, leadership and training process. The major areas to study is to understand the effectiveness, job satisfaction, individual emotions, decision making, performance appraisal, measurement of attitude, selection process, job design and stress at work.
Sociology is the study of group behavior. It can be explained as an academic discipline that uses the scientific method in gaining knowledge about a person’s behavior as group. In other words, it studies the behavior of the people in relation to their social environment or culture. Some of the areas need to be study include conflict, group dynamics, administration, formal and informal structure, organizational technology, organizational culture, communication forms, and inter-group behavior. Sociologist viewed organizations a unit of a range of people with different roles, status and degree of authority. So sociology is inseparable from organisation behavior.
Anthropology is the study to learn about human beings and their activities. It is concerned with the relations between people and their surroundings, especially their socio-culture environment. Anthropology helps us understand variation in behavior between people, basic values and attitudes in different countries and within different organizations. Our present knowledge and understanding of organizational culture, environments, and distinction among national cultures is a result of the research and work of anthropologists and their methods. Culture means all ideas which are part of societies and individuals and languages by which they share these ideas. Hence, culture can be defined as a system of learned behavior.
Political science is the branch related with politics and the study of various political system and political behaviors. Political scientists work on the behavior of humans within a political environment. It includes study of dynamics of power, conflict resolutions methods, power centers, allocation of power and how people use power for individual self interest. In other words, political science helps us to gain knowledge of the dynamics of power and politics and its impact on hierarchical structure of differing levels of managers and subordinates.