Indian geography

Indian Geography:

  • Position in Asia – Southern Asia
  • India is situated in Northern Hemisphere
  • Area – 32, 87,263 sq. km
  • North to south – 3214 km
  • West to east – 2933 km
  • Total land frontier – 15,200 km
  • Water % – 9.56
  • Latitudinal extent – 8°4′ north to 37°6′ north
  • Longitudinal extent – 68°7′ east to 97°25′ east
  • Area in the world – 2.4 % of total world area
  • Seventh largest country in the world
  • Coastline including Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Island – 7,516 km
  • Tropic of cancer – 23°30′ north, pass through 8 states i.e. Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram
  • India’s island position – Andaman and Nicobar Island in Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep Island in Arabian Sea
  • Northernmost point – Siachen Glacier
  • Southern most point – Indira point (Nicobar Island)
  • Eastern most point – Kibithu (Arunachal Pradesh)
  • Westernmost point – Ghuar Mota (Gujarat)
  • India’s standard meridian – 82°30′ passes through Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh