Objective Type Questions with Answers on Geology

Objective Type Questions with Answers on Geology

1- Which one of the following minerals has poor cleavage in all directions?

(A) Muscovite

(B) Fluorite

(C) Quartz

(D) Orthoclase

 

2- Which environment of deposition in indicated by ripples marks and cross-bedding in rocks?

(A) Marshy environment

(B) Glacial environment

(C) Deep marine environment

(D) Shallow marine environment

 

3- Layered mafic-ultramafic complexes are found at……

(A) Stable cratonic areas

(B) Shear plate boundaries

(C) Convergent plate boundary environments

(D) Divergent plate boundary environments

 

4- Uniformly spaced electrode configuration is characteristic of which of the following:

(A) Pole-dipole array

(B) Wenner array

(C) Pole-pole array

(D) Schlumberger array

 

5- Concerning texture of igneous rocks, when plagioclase crystals are enclosed by pyroxene, the texture is termed as

(A) ophitic

(B) porphyritic

(C) myrmekitic

(D) graphic

 

6- A highly vesicular rock formed by solidification of viscous lava is known as

(A) volcanic breccia

(B) obsidian

(C) pumice

(D) tuff

 

7- Sudden release of energy in the form of seismic waves in the Earth is called …..

(A) Tsunami

(B) Landslide

(C) Earthquake

(D) Liquefaction

 

8- The component of the water cycle where groundwater is discharged into a stream in the form of springs or seepages is called …….

(A) Overland flow

(B) Inter flow

(C) Base flow

(D) Stream flow

 

9- Mud-supported limestone containing greater than 10% allochems is designated as

(A) Packstone

(B) Mudstone

(C) Grainstone

(D) Wackestone

 

10- The framework composition of a sandstone showing Quartz 55%; Feldspar 4%; Rock fragments 22%, Matrix 19%, petrographically the sandstone classified as

(A) Quartz Arenite

(B) Lithic Arenite

(C) lithic wacke

(D) feldspathic wacke

 

ANSWERS:

1-(C), 2-(D), 3-(A), 4-(B), 5-(A), 6-(C), 7-(B), 8-(C), 9-(D), 10-(C)